出版道德与学术不端声明

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement 

(based on Elsevier recommendations and COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors)

出版道德与学术不端声明

(基于Elsevier的推荐规范和COPE Committee on Publication Ethics)的期刊编辑最佳实践指南)

 

Ethical guidelines for journal publication

期刊出版的道德准则

Publisher is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles.

出版商致力于确保出版物符合道德规范并具有较高质量。

Conformance to standards of ethical behavior is therefore expected of all parties involved: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher.

因此,包括作者、编辑、审稿人和出版商在内的所有相关方都应遵守道德行为标准。

In particular,

尤其是,

Authors: Authors should present an objective discussion of the significance of research work as well as sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the experiments. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review articles should also be objective, comprehensive, and accurate accounts of the state of the art. The authors should ensure that their work is entirely original works, and if the work and/or words of others have been used, this has been appropriately acknowledged. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should not submit articles describing essentially the same research to more than one journal. The corresponding author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.

作者:作者应该对研究工作的重要性进行客观讨论,并提供足够的细节和参考资料,以允许其他人复制实验。欺诈性或明知不准确的陈述构成不道德的行为,是不可接受的。文献综述应客观、全面、准确的对当前研究情况进行说明。作者应确保他们的文章是原创作品,如果使用了他人的作品和/或文字,则得到原作的认可。任何形式的抄袭都视为不道德的出版行为,将导致拒稿。同时向多个期刊提交相同的稿件也被视为不道德的出版行为,同样会导致拒稿。作者不应向多个期刊提交内容基本相同的研究文章。通讯作者应确保所有共同作者就论文的最终版本及其出版达成完全一致意见。

Editors: Editors should evaluate manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit. An editor must not use unpublished information in the editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Editors should take reasonable responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper.

编辑:编辑应完全根据其学术成就来评估稿件。未经作者明确书面同意,编辑不得在自己的研究中使用未发表的信息。当出现针对已提交或已发表的论文的道德投诉时,编辑应采取合理的响应措施。

Reviewers: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviews should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that authors can use them for improving the paper. Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

审稿人:审稿人收到的所有稿件都必须作为机密文件处理。通过同行评审获得的信息或想法必须保密,不得用于获取个人利益。审稿人应该客观对论文进行审阅,审查意见应论据清楚、表达明确,以便作者可以针对性进行修改。若所选中的审稿人认为自己无法胜任对论文的审阅或无法及时进行审阅,应通知编辑并将自己排除出审查过程。若审稿人与论文相关作者、公司或机构之间存在利益纠葛,或存在竞争、合作或其他关系,则审稿人不应参与相关论文的审阅。

Article withdraw policy

文章撤稿政策

It is a general principle of scholarly communication that the editor/guest editor of a learned journal/series is solely and independently responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal shall be published. In making this decision the editor/guest editor is guided by policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. An outcome of this principle is the importance of the scholarly archive as a permanent, historic record of the transactions of scholarship. Articles that have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as far as is possible. However, very occasionally circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed. Such actions must not be undertaken lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances, such as:

学术交流的一般原则是学术期刊/丛书的编辑/客座编辑单独和独立负责决定哪些文章可被发表。在做出这一决定时,编辑/客座编辑接受期刊编辑委员会政策的指导,并严格按照有关文字诽谤、版权侵权和抄袭的现行法律的要求开展。相关学术档案将作为学术汇报永久留档。已发表的文章应尽可能保持现状不变。但是,极少的情况下可能会出现已发布文章必须撤回甚至删除。此类情况不轻易进行,只能在特殊情况下进行,例如:

- Article Withdrawal:

Only used for Articles in Press which represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors, or may have been accidentally submitted twice. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like.

- 文章撤回:

仅用于出版物中的文章是论文的早期版本,有时包含错误或者可能偶然提交了两次。偶尔会由于这些文章可能侵犯了某些职业道德准则,例如多次提交、伪造的著作权、抄袭、欺诈性使用数据等情况,但这种情况非常少见。

- Article Retraction:

Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication.

- 文章撤销:

侵犯职业道德准则,例如多次提交、伪造作者身份、剽窃、欺诈性使用数据等。某些情况下,撤销是用于纠正提交或发布中的错误。

- Article Removal:

Legal limitations upon the publisher, copyright holder or author(s).

- 文章移除:

出于出版商、版权所有者或作者的法律时效。

- Article Replacement:

Identification of false or inaccurate data that, if acted upon, would pose a serious health risk.

- 文章替换:

此类情况多用于发现虚假或不准确的数据,一旦采取措施,将带来严重的风险。